Selection Guide and Comparison

Colors on surface. Cascade e-Ion can be Air Plasma.  Please contact MHI.

(All information in general comparison tables like the ones shown below should only to be treated as approximate or indicative of order of magnitude)

Type of Machine Surface Improvement Type Thickness Best Outcome Property Enhancement Industry
Cascade e-Ion

SE Models

New* R&D Model.  Discounted almost 50% for academic institutions who are existing MHI customers.

In-situ growth.

High integrity with base alloy.

Cascade e-Ion process generally produce smoother surfaces when compared to gas process.

In-situ color your hard surface

Nano-10 microns

Depends on material, mechanism and process conditions.   Also depends on solid solution and other possibilities.

1000nm=1 micron

Nitrides e.g. TiN and TiON.
Enhanced SiC and Ti(C,N,O)
Si3N4 and variations. Epsilon and Gamma types.
Galling and Wear
Extreme Resistance
Non Stick
Corrosion Resistant
Bearings and Anti Seize
Anti friction
Cell Phones
Low friction coefficient
Machine Tools. Auto Parts including suspension and engine
Cast Iron
Die Steel
Stainless Steel
SE and NE Models
Deposition and Surface layering including thick oxide formation Nano-Microns- mm depends on objective. Cascade e-Ion assisted rapid deposition. Alumina, Ni-Cr-Mo,
Diamond Coatings
Dense and Hard Overlay
Prevent Biofilms.
Power Industry
Paper & Pulp
LIP Functionalization of polymers Molecular Size Polymeric and composites Wetting and Antimicrobial Soft Matter Industries
DRO Cascade Not a coating Use for oxide control Lower dross and waste Clean metal Aluminum melts primary and secondary. Other liquid metals like silver, bismuth, zinc etc.
Cascade EIZ-C Deburr, ionic clean.

Surface burrs may be removed

Clean and/or de-burr Lower RMS or removal of debris Metals and Ceramics
Cascade e-Ion with Slit Aperture Bend Glass Nano SiAlON or AlON Smooth bend, water repellent Cell phone, tablets, optical data transfer
PVD 1 – 5 μm (40 – 200 μin) Ti (C,N) Wear resistance Machine tools
CVD 1 – 50 μm (40 – 2000 μin) Sic Wear resistance Fiber coatings
Baked polymers 1 – 10 μm (40 – 400 μin) Polymers Corrosion resistance, aesthetics Automobile
Thermal spray 0.04 – 3 mm (0.0015 – 0.12 in) Ceramics and metallic alloys Wear resistance, corrosion resistance Bearings
Hard chromium plate 10 – 100 μm (400 – 4000 μin) Chrome Wear resistance Rolls
Weld overlay 0.5 – 5 mm (0.02 – 0.2 in) Steel, stellite Wear resistance Valves
Galvanize 1 – 5 μm (40 – 200 μin) Zinc Corrosion resistance Steel sheet
Braze overlay 10 – 100 μm (400 – 4000 μin) Interface Integrety Wear Paper and Pulp