High-temperature steam is used for R&D, Clean Pharmaceuticals, Food Security and Cleanliness, Oxidations, Process Chemical Applications, Pathogen Control, Climate Mitigation, ore conversion (bauxite), and Utility-steam purposes.
Is it time to move away from inefficient boiler steam to modern energy-saving steam generators? Yes, because it saves energy, water, and time. It also offers flexibility and decoupling of temperature up from 100°C-1300°C, instant steam generation, and dial-in variability of the steam amount.
Did you know it could be much less expensive to use clean methods?
A decarbonized modern economy has low greenhouse gas emissions, mainly from its industrial sector.
Energy decarbonization efforts in a nation involve changing the energy conversion/use system to prevent carbon emissions from entering the atmosphere.
Avoid all carbonaceous combustion- change to electrical or electrochemical methods to achieve a decarbonization goal.
It works well in two instances, namely, (i) the electrical energy is made with clean methods, or (ii) when electrically driven efficiency is vastly better than the combustion efficiency that it replaces, for example, in the steam sector.
Some additional examples of decarbonization machinery – here
The MightySteam® and OAB® Electric Steam Generators do not Produce any Greenhouse Gases like CO2, Methane, or NOx. Only high-quality steam.
With the advent of new high-temperature high-quality dry steam, several enhanced designs and energy-efficient process applications have recently become possible. Steam is made by the most efficient means with MHI steam generators. This is the lowest-cost method for high-temperature steam.
MHI steam generators are designed for low to high-temperature variable steam production for the highest temperature use. With this modern energy and time-saving steam generator, there is no need for superheaters or boilers to 800°C+ for high-quality clean steam. No combustible fuel oils or gases, No intense magnetic fields. No heating of flow pipes by induction. The temperature measured is that of the steam, not of the pipe. Ask for MightSteam(® or Industrial OAB®.
Steam reforming of methane, currently the major route to methane conversion, can be represented as CH4(g) + H2O(g) = CO(g) + 3H2(g) Endothermic 2.06 x10^5 kJ/mol. Steam Reforming is feasible above ~750C.
Ordinarily, 30-40 bar pressure may be required unless catalysts are used. Use high-temperature steam above 900°C or the steam plasma as the best catalyst. Blue and green hydrogen economies benefit when hybridization is considered.
The opposite-direction reaction to steam reforming is sometimes called the Fischer-Tropsch process. Selective liquid fuel formation is possible with the MHI Airtorch® or Insta-Steam Units. Contact MHI for details. Typical high-temperature steam, i.e., H2O(g), CO(g), and CO2(g) reactions for consideration for CO2 removal (one atmosphere) or for making H2 (gas).CO2(g) + H2(g) = CO(g) + H2O(g) Water Shift. Feasible above ~820CCombination of Greenhouse gasses (also called high-temperature greenhouse gas reactions):CO2(g) + CH4(g) = 2CO(g) + 2H2(g) Feasible above ~650C or via the steam reforming and water shift shown above.2CH4(g) + H2O(g) +CO2(g)= 3CO(g) + 5H2(g) Well feasible above ~(750-850C) with easy methods for enabling all forms of downstream reduction. MHI reaction.This highly endothermic process results in the formation of synthesis gas that can be further processed into methanol and ammonia. The methanol to gasoline (MTG) process can then be utilized for gasoline production. Greenhouse gases such as methane can be converted to non-greenhouse gases CO and H2. These reducing gases can be used for reducing some metal oxides. At this point, catalysts become essential. So, either the OAB® or Airtorch® may be used.Products that are reducing gases that can be used for various reducing reactions including cleaning and shiny metal production such as Fe2O3 + 3CO(g) = 2Fe + 3CO2(g) (weak) or Fe2O3 + 3H2(g) = 2Fe + 3H2O(g) above 515C. Note also that CO2(g) + CH4(g)=2C + 2H2O(g) is always feasible at >100C but is extremely weak. Fe2O3 + 2CO(g) + H2(g) = 2Fe + 2CO2(g) + H2O(g) is always feasible but best above 1000C.
Steam reactions at very high temperatures can be used for oxidizing and drying ores and concentrated metallic salt solutions like battery discharges and saturated pickling liquids (with Chlorides) (2M2Cl + H2O (made by the OAB)+ 0.5O2 (made by the Airtorch) = 2M2O + 2HCl). Reaction temperatures ~1060C.
Note that several gases can be toxic, and only professional involvement is recommended.
What is MHI working on to help with global warming apart from its standard proven approaches? Did you know MHI shares data openly when it is of public interest- of course, only whenever it is free to share? Please support us by purchasing MHI products. Interesting methods below – hint – look carefully at the reactions.Futuristic reactions. These are discussed only with MHI’s high-value existing partners. License possibilities to technology and trademarks. Contact MHI
CO2(g) + 3H2(g) = CH3OH(l) + H2O(g) above ~1320C Methanol by heating Syngas or just CO2 (g)
Greenhouse gas CO2 can be converted to types of alcohol.
Waste to Fuel reactions can also be considered.
Interesting reactions possible above 1435C:
2C + 4H2O(g) = 2CH3OH(l) + O2(g) Carbon to Methanol (solid to liquid fuel type reaction with hot steam – (use Quasi-R® catalysts)
6CO2(g) + 6H2O(g) = C6H12O6(Sugar -GAa) + 6O2(g) Yes negative free energy at MHI high temperatures. Call MHI.
Plastics are hydrocarbons that are made from petroleum, and they can be converted back to liquid fuel. For example, pyrolysis could be used to do this. When subjected to high heat and pressure, water breaks down the plastic and converts it into the oil. An attractive method of converting these waste materials to useful form is anaerobic digestion with steam heating which gives biogas that can be used as a fuel. Waste can also be converted to methanol and ethanol. Garbage can be converted with plasma impact to break down organic materials into syngas, a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. Organic waste via the Fischer-Tropsch reaction can be converted into fuel. A mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide – from municipal solid waste and other renewable biomass can be converted to long-chain hydrocarbon molecules that make up diesel and jet fuels. Some of these reactions are discussed below.
Do you have plans to eliminate fossil fuels by using hydrogen made from electricity generated by steam power? Did you know electric steam systems are much simpler to operate than combustion fuel-use boilers? Steam-use processing companies worldwide are feeling pressure to lower the environmental impact of their operations and make them more sustainable. These pressures come from governmental regulations and societal expectations, resulting in increasingly stringent requirements expanding globally. Many companies are accelerating their “green” initiatives and programs to leap ahead of these regulations and lead this transformation for their industry. MHI Airtorch® and MightySteam® can assist your various initiatives.
Comparison of Steam Generation methods Boilers and Steam Generators
MHI offers CO2 (carbon dioxide) and CH4 (methane gas) Airtorch® heaters. Please see the reactions below for syngas and choose the most suitable GHGA model. Please contact MHI for each.
To help with the COVID-19 process, we encourage our customers to support front-line workers at hospitals, testing clinics, and other healthcare facilities to fight against the coronavirus and the COVID-19 disease it causes with innovative uses of steam products and Airtorch® Products. We have placed many such products in the ‘Sale’ section of the MHI web store.
High-Temperature Steam for Energy Sector and Pharma Sector Use. GHGA Models have independent flow, temperature, and pressure controls.
Antimicrobial Applications: Dry high-quality low-oxygen steam is a known antimicrobial agent that works without organic residue. The canning and bottling industry uses a considerable amount of steam. Use for aseptic processing. The productivity increase with the availability of MightySteam™ – high temperature, dry and instant is a remarkable condition for steam – beneficial for cleaning and soil remediation.
Heating Applications: Steam offers heat transfer coefficients that are very high. The heat content is also very high. Steam dries faster than the air above the inversion point. Use one of these generators.
Why is superheated steam far superior to saturated steam? Why is it better at eliminating microbes when above the inversion temperature?
Many bacteria and even viruses thrive in water. Saturated steam can easily contain water droplets promoting microbe multiplication and retention. Entropy 2021, 23, 181. https://doi.org/10.3390/e23020181. Superheated steam does not have water droplets. Above the inversion temperature, the heat transfer characteristics are great for penetration when using superheated steam, particularly above the inversion temperature. This is particularly important for moist food.
Superheated steam deep cleans within seconds. See the recent article in Food Control 125 (2021) 107942.
Steam is Antimicrobial (Bacteria, fungi, or Viruses) depending on the temperature and residence time. Click here.
For Zero CO2 use:
Zero CO2 production cyclic reactions. Please see below.
Power Generation with Steam. MHI steam 800°C+ models for Mega Watts help turn turbines. Remember, only the temperature difference is related to the Carnot efficiency. Please contact MHI.
Typical uses of clean steam are in pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical manufacturing, sterile manufacturing, sterile comfort heating, and injection of high purity water.
Can steam kill (deactivate) the Coronavirus? It appears so based on the temperature and residence time requirements. As with all antimicrobial uses each condition could be different and testing is required for efficiency analyses. When cleaning surfaces, particularly metallic please use the steam residence for >280C and adequate residence time. The residence time is a time of use, any steam-based killing may require at least a few seconds of proper use, just like about 20s are required for handwashing with soap. The higher the temperature the higher the probability of kill. The higher the residence time the higher the probability of kill. Some surfaces can also deactivate bacteria. Test coupons are available.
Typical Applications of Super-heated Steam are Drying, Antimicrobial, Steam-heating, Fuel Production, and Chemical Reactions. Improve productivity with steam – use a temperature higher than the inversion temperature. Deepwater and energy savings.
Biomass (for electricity generation)
Waste to Fuel (see below)
Sawdust, wood fiber, pulverized coal, wood chips, wood pulp, spruce and birch bark, milled peat, peat for briquettes, Fuel from Waste, Municipal and plant waste. Recycle CO2 by using hot steam in a fuel cell to make hydrogen and then use the Airtorch® for hydrogen reaction with CO2. So first water vapor and break it down into hydrogen and oxygen -electrolysis at 800C – then use the H2 (g) with CO2 (g) – see reactions below. Burning Fuel gives CO2(g) so the cycle can be completed. Energy use is also seen in electrochemical power generation with two-phase raw materials.
Decarbonizing the industrial sector is a key to addressing our climate crisis.
Washing powder, pigment, potassium salt, powdery chemicals, catalysts, coloring agents, regeneration (chemical), carbon activation. It is recognized that the process for turning rubber compounds into usable finished products is vulcanization. There are various types of vulcanization. The most economical is open vulcanization which can take place in hot air or steam. In the past, proper hot steam was not available nor was high-life hot air. Now patented MHI products that offer a wide variety of both steam and hot air and hot process gasses very accurately and with units that have extremely high warranties have changed this landscape. This will help in making synthetic diesel from water, electricity, and CO2.
Food industry (sugar)
Sugar beet pulp, dietary fiber from sugar beat,
Food industry (base materials)
Hog fuel, corn fibers/fibers, protein-containing base materials (soybeans, rapeseed, sunflower seed, soy meal, okra, etc.). Peel vegetables like potato or tomato or dry vegetables, essential oils, and organic compounds. Fuel from waste food is offered above 750 C.
Food industry crimp
Shrimp, pork, bamboo shoot, paddy/rice, herbs, cacao beans, corn gluten, tobacco (drying, expansion). From cooking to cleaning.
Gasification: Gasification is the conversion of waste materials that takes place in the presence of limited amounts of oxygen – a thermochemical process. Steam or the oxygen in the air is reacted at high temperature with the available carbon in the waste material to produce gases such as carbon monoxide, hydrogen, and methane. Gasification processes produce “syngas” (hydrogen and carbon monoxide) which are used for generating electrical power. Thermal gasification of the waste materials allows the production of a gaseous fuel that can be easily collected and transported. Gasification typically takes place at temperatures from 750-1100°C.
Pyrolysis: This is also a thermal process similar to gasification above which involves the thermal degradation of organic waste in the absence of free oxygen to produce combustible gases. Pyrolysis uses heat to break down organic materials in the absence of oxygen e.g with steam heating to 1250C. Materials suitable for pyrolysis processing include coal, animal and human waste, food scraps, paper, cardboard, plastics, and rubber. The pyrolytic process produces oil which can be used as a synthetic bio-diesel fuel or refined to produce other useful products. Sometimes the byproduct of pyrolysis is a kind of fine-grained bio-charcoal called “biochar”, which retains most of the carbon and nutrients contained in biomass so can be used as a soil enhancement to increase soil productivity. During Pyrolisis volatile gases are released from dry biomass at temperatures ranging up to about 700C. These gases are non-condensable vapors such as CH4, CO, CO2, and H2, and condensable-vapor of tar at the ambient temperature. Cellulose can break down into Char, H2O, CO2, and methane.
Combustion: Use the Airtorch+Steam combination for a clean most common and well-proven thermal process using a wide variety of waste fuels. Municipal and household waste is directly combusted in large waste to energy incinerators as a fuel with minimal processing known as mass burning. Combustion can be with a solid, liquid, or gas reactant with oxidation. The Boudouard reaction (solid combustion) is stable above 700C to eliminate CO2 because CO2(g) + C = 2CO(g). Above 700C one can use CO(g) as a reductant for oxides as is done for iron oxide reduction. Link to MHI Fluidized Bed Designs.
Digestion: Landfills are the primary method of disposal of municipal solid waste and if left undisturbed, landfill waste produces significant amounts of gaseous byproducts, consisting mainly of carbon dioxide and combustible methane (CH4). This landfill gas or biogas is produced by the (oxygen-free) anaerobic digestion of organic matter. Treatment by steam is often recommended for the elimination of certain harmful bacteria. Anaerobic digestion to produce biogas can either occur naturally producing a landfill gas or inside a controlled environment like a biogas digester. A digester is a warmed, sealed, airless container where bacteria ferment an organic material such as liquid and semi-solid slurries, animal wastes, and manures in oxygen-free conditions for biogas. An advantage of anaerobic digestion for converting waste to energy fuel is that it employs semi-solid or wet waste. This is normally a small-scale operation. The biogas produced can be burned in a conventional gas boiler to produce heat or as fuel in a gas engine to generate electricity or fuel some of the farm vehicles.
Fermentation:Fermentation uses various microorganisms and yeasts to produce liquid ethanol, a type of alcohol, from biomass and bio-waste materials. The conversion of waste to energy by fermentation requires a series of chemical reactions to produce ethanol bio-fuel. Here steam can be directly introduced for rapid kinetics. Multiple reactions occur. The first reaction is called hydrolysis, which converts organic materials into sugars. The sugars can then be fermented (similar to making alcohol) to make dilute ethanol, which is then further distilled to produce biofuel ethanol.
Waste to Fuel reactions can also be considered and there is a push to make liquid fuels by using a multitude of reactions. The entire focus of these types of reactions has changed because of the CO2 and CH4 greenhouse problems. Ask MHI about simulated photosynthesis and flavor reactions. Click for sample nano-catalyst coupons.
Waste to $-Fuels
Layout OAB 4-900
Instant high-quality high amount steam
Waste to Fuel with MHI Products
Use of Syngas – tunable manufacture with MHI Products.
Extremely high yields. Impact the environment with MHI Products.
Key Parameters (typical) for Various Steam Applications
Use the OAB® Steam for Oil Softening of Heavy Oil in Wells and Tanks. The transition towards smart capital expenditure (CAPEX) and innovative operational expenditure (OPEX) are imminent in the oil and gas industry, especially with highly unstable barrel prices. Reduce footprint. Easy to carry. Reduced use of electricity and water. Use for Oil Mud. Most Compact.
Safer because of no pressure leaks, high-temperature kinetics, and energy efficiency.
Hot CO2, Hot sCO2, and Hot steam (H2O) are highly productive solutions… only from MHI.
Simple SaniZAP Clean dirt and grime in difficult-to-reach places. First, soften and clean with handheld superheated steam then power-blow with hot air. Need more steam – the OAB models are ideal. Steam-soften with the proper superheated MightySteam. Then VTA hot air blow with the powerful VTA-1GC hot air power-blower unit. Simple. No water mess and use of the highest temperature steam. Use for restorative cleaning and de-greasing.
Contact us to see what data we have on Bed-Bug removal with MightySteam and Superheated Steam
Pilot Plant Steam Generator for possible steam reforming, with carbon, bio-products, bio-charcoal gasifier, or methane and nitrogen for ammonia applications. The steam generators from MHI namely the OAB and HGA devices are very efficient, controllable, and clean.
For example the reaction 2N2(g) + 2CH4(g) + 2H2O(g) + O2(g) = 4NH3(g) + carbon oxide by-products is a negative free energy feasible reaction at 400C. Or use biodiesel, or carbon to produce hydrogen or other clean fuels.
Electric Steam Generator. Foam cutting high speed, low power, no mess with thermal steam cutter. Use the best steam that evaporates on cutting. Ultra-High Purity Steam. Also called UHP or UHT steam. Textile, continuous heat setting, and laundry steam chamber use.
Superheated Steam Generator for use in steam oxidation studies. Use HGA-S or HGA-M.
Continuous steam. Unlimited capacity.
Save big on easy paint removal techniques with MHI steam from enamels to hard paints (view PowerPoint – inquire or rapid buy). Can you find a better paint remover? Foam cutting. Thick foam cutting speeds ~1″/s.
Energy Saved for Laundry or Garment pressing. Car seat Pressing. Laundry Use. The energy requirement is approximately 0.15 – 0.30 kWh / kg of linen (source https://vdocument.in/module-3-session-2-respiratory-hygiene-module-3-session-2-respiratory-hygiene.htmlhttp://www.rabc-wfk.com/module3/Module3_EN.pdf). This is a good number for dry-cleaning but for full steam drying it may be best to use a number like ~1kWh per /kg. If you are using and paying operationally for a 300kW boiler (1,024,327 BTU/hr) (or 30BP); are you dry-cleaning 900 kg (close to a ton of linen) of laundry in an hour? If this is not so please consider OAB instead to save energy. The cost of energy is similar whether gas or electric. Click here for savings from energy efficiency. Garment de-wrinkle, heat setting, and textile conditioning in a rapid energy-efficient manner.
Seats pressing in rapid demand operations like automobile seat manufacture. At 10 cents per kWh, a 300 kW boiler operational cost could be as high as $30 an hour. A 10 kW OAB machine reduces this payment to ~ $1 per hour. Many electric companies offer grants to make capital changes with energy-efficient new machinery. Whether a 12 kW OAB may substitute for a 300 kW boiler depends on the application. Most applications where a high-velocity jet is required can be met by the OAB®. Please see the video in the Videos and Media Gallery section.
In many applications, a de-Superheater is required. This is a complex mixing of steam and water and is nozzle-dependent. The OAB, HGA-S, and HGA-M provide modern solutions for mixing at reliably low-cost conditions improving improving
Improving starter oxidation for copper tubes. Steam Testing of Pipes.
Steam Copper-tubes for water delivery to start protective oxide (Malakite) barrier in them. Reduces copper contamination and other contaminants from pipes that do not have this starter oxide. Do internal pipes. Please contact MHI for a known technical prereferral referral to the proper EPA laboratories for your clarification. User may need to call a government agency for proof of results. Please contact MHI for details.
Steam cycle testing in lined pipe and vessels per ASTM F1545
High Pressure Steam Boiler can be avoided. Laundry boilers, tunnels, and other energy improvement uses are possible in the garment and laundry industry. Several levels of efficient cleaning and de-wrinkling Higher temperatures de-wrinkle leather more easily. E.g. Clean fifty-pound loads with an OAB® and canopy. The canopy does not need to be a heat-dissipating rigid surface!
Choose your steam bluing/blackening for attractive surfacing. Use the steam generator for steam oxidation studies.
Use Process Steam for oil (normal and heavy oil) and natural gas to reduce viscosity.
Heat Processing to make cheese is varied the type of technologies used in practice. The time and temperature program for heating is determined by the method of heating and the type of cheese. Some cheeses require heating to temperatures above 40°C-56°C (133°F) Normally at 37 – 38°C the activity of the mesophilic lactic acid bacteria is retarded. Time is taken to check the acidity, Above 44°C or more the mesophilic bacteria are deactivated, and they are killed if held at 52°C between 10 and 20 minutes. Heating beyond 44°C is typically called scalding. Some types of cheese, such as Emmenthal, Gruyère, Parmesan, and Grana, are scalded at temperatures as high as 56°C (133°F). Some of the most heat-resistant lactic-acid-producing bacteria survive this treatment e.g. Propionibacterium freudenreichii ssp. shermanii“. Credit to http://www.food-info.net/uk/dairy/cheese-production is acknowledged for the above information.
Pure Steam Generator. Milk and Cottage Cheese. Augmentation of process. Significant reduction of energy from unwieldy and high Btu/hr (kW) boilers currently see use.
A frequently asked question is: I do understand that milk products have increased considerable resistance to deterioration when UHT steam is used. However will this denature the protein in any way that is bad for me? The answer can be found on website sites like http://www.bodybuilding.com/fun/muscle-mystery-does-denatured-protein-still-make-you-grow.html. Bakery Operation with on-demand(on-off) steam. Food processing humidification.Benefits that may also follow from SW-OAB® Steam in addition to saving considerable energy for shrink labeling activities. — OAB® and MightySteam®’s patented heating system
and service allows for industrial-strength steam output.
Continuous Superheated Process Steam for Odor Removal and Other Uses. Carbon Activation. Superheated steam can be used for physical/chemical activation of carbon resulting in enhanced nanoporous and porous structures of carbon ( about 10-(50-80) nm). The resultant carbon is called activated. It is highly porous and activated. This nanoporous/mesoporous microporous structure is expected to enhance the removal of toxic hydro-carbons and other dangers from wastewater/waterworks and fas. The continuous stream temperature that is required is greater than ~800°C and dry. Please consult MHI for known techniques for the start-up of carbon-containing canopies or drums. One important requirement for this is the availability of instantaneous steam, within minutes because moisture if present tends to clog pores. The OAB-4 system or the OAB-12 system makes instantaneous steam. Please see the video on Videos and Media Gallery.
Electric Superheated Steam. What is the difference between Disinfection and Sterilization? See box below.
Steam temperatures greater up to 1300C.
Steam Sanitation: Studies have shown that even 1 second of residency time of 248°F (120°C) steam is roughly 97% effective against common strains of bacteria1. In controlled experiments, higher temperature steam requires lower residency times to achieve effectiveness. This result most likely follows the common law of chemical kinetics where speed increases exponentially with temperature.
What is the difference between Disinfection, Sanitizing, and Sterilization? Sterilization vs. Disinfection vs. Sanitation
There are 3 fairly commonly accepted levels of “clean” in many industries. Sterilization refers to the statistical destruction and removal of all living organisms. Disinfection generally refers to inanimate objects and all vegetative cells, but not spores. Sanitation refers to the reduction of microorganisms to levels considered safe from a public health viewpoint. The official definition of sanitation, according to the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, for food product contact surfaces is a 99.999% (5-log) reduction of contaminants in a 30 second period. For non-product contact surfaces, a 99.9% (3-log) reduction in contamination is necessary. What is anti-microbial cleaning? Sterilization requires 6 to 12 log or more cleaning potency mostly done in steam sterilizers that are approved for this purpose. the antimicrobial market has been largely comprised of chlorine (bleach), ozone, quaternary ammonium compounds (quats), per-acetic acid (PAA), formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde (aldehydes), and hydrogen peroxide. All of these technologies have limitations in addressing sanitization and disinfection needs. Steam is powerful. Se Patents Other published patents have shown superheated steam can clean up to sterilization levels. Patent numbers 8,940,245, 8,945,468, 8,652,403, 8,435,459 and many others that are available. See also http://www.diffen.com/difference/Disinfect_vs_Sterilize
Steam Boiler for Steam Kettles, Processing Mash with Steam, Saving Energy and Materials. Save considerable energy and time. Generally from cold start cut up to 1/3 the time. Will preservatives are reduced by steaming – most likely not?
Industrial Steam Generator, and Tunnel for cotton fiber moisture doubling. Moisture in cotton yarn fiber can make the fiber more abrasion-resistant as well as more fatigue resistant. Use for heat-set and save considerable energy. No need to use a vacuum or pressure chamber. Review amazing ROI.
SaniZap® technology is employed in the MightySteam™ line of steam cleaning products and also by the MightySteam™ service which represents a service that provides for the cleaning of the interior and exterior surfaces utilizing concentrated super-heated steam for residential, commercial, and industrial purposes.
Why is Steaming Better than Boiling for Food: Steaming is preferable to boiling in some cases, because there is no loss of mineral salts nor food substances. The flavor is not so likely to be lost as when food is boiled. Some delicate fish is best cooked by steaming as it does not break up as it might in boiling water. Vegetables prepared in this way prove very palatable, and very often variety is added to the diet by steaming bread, cake, and pudding mixtures and then, provided a crisp outside is desired, placing them in a hot oven to dry out the moist surface.
Did you know the cost of steaming with superheated steam is less than 0.1 cents per dumpling?
Low-Pressure Steam Boilers
Electric Super-heated Steam Generator for heat treating of metal parts for oxidation. Steam heat treat for valve guides and valve seats, gears, oil pump rotors, engine bearing caps, rocker arms, transmission components, shock absorber components, bushing, bearings of many metals copper and bronze included. Refrigerator parts such as pistons, connecting rods and valve plates, general machine parts, and home appliance parts like cam parts.
High-Pressure Steam Boilers
High Temperature Steam
Low Pressure Steam
Low Pressure Steam Boiler
Steam Generator Boiler/Electric Steam Boiler
Steam Roasting. Activated carbon by steam in both Stage 1 and Stage 2 (Steam of 700C and 1100C). Rare-Earth processing by steam. Rare earth metals are a group of 17 elements – lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, neodymium, promethium, samarium, europium, gadolinium, terbium, dysprosium, holmium, erbium, thulium, ytterbium, lutetium, scandium, yttrium – that appear in low concentrations in the ground.
Design with GHGA or OAB® Steam and Hybrid Tunnels. THE GHGA can provide high-temperature steam up to 900C (can be set as required), pressure can be automatically adjusted and steam rate can be adjusted.
Traditional boilers yield saturated steam (Tsat and Psat are linked). Note that Steam generators do not have to operate at high pressure for high temperatures. They work at 1 Bar safety. Thus one can get high temperatures without unwieldy pressures – with a steam generator. For example with a boiler, one needs a high 10 Bar and even then the saturation temperature is only 180°C -even at 100 Bars, the saturation temperature is only 311°C.
Steam generators operate routinely at 300°C, i.e. well above the inversion temperature. If the steam is for heating purposes, please compare the enthalpy and you will be surprised. If the steam is for work purposes please use the work potential row below, the work potential increases with both temperature and pressure. Work potential is measured from 25°C base temperature.
The cost of boilers increases for very high-pressure ratings. Traditionally the steam generators offer 95%+ efficiency – boilers could be much lesser and also lose efficiency with pressure ratings. However, even at 100 Bars, the saturation temperature is only 311°C. Again a fairly easy and routine temperature from the OAB type steam generator.
1 Bar =100000 Pa = 14.5 psi, 10 Bar =1000000 Pa =145 psi, 100 Bar = 107 Pa = 1450.3 psi
Steam-jet cleaning of glassware such as glass-vials with 550°C superheated high quality steam. Results from https://bayzi.com/ohio-state-presentation are only guidelines for biofilm elimination- please verify directly.
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